Anorexia and Bulimia
Anorexia is more commonly diagnosed in women than men, with an estimated lifetime prevalence being three times greater in females than males. However, men are also even more under-diagnosed than women in regards to anorexia.
Bulimia is also more often diagnosed in women than men. In fact, women are diagnosed at a rate three times higher than their male counterparts.
Binge-eating disorder (BED), like all eating disorders, also disproportionately affects more women as men continue to be more under-diagnosed. This disorder is commonly associated with specific phobia (37% of individuals), social phobia (32% of individuals), Major Depressive Disorder (32% of individuals), PTSD (26% of individuals), and alcohol abuse or dependence (21% of individuals). Existing treatment options specifically for BED include nutritional rehabilitation, psychotherapy, and medications.
Eating disorders have a myriad of comorbidities, as do being obese or underweight. Traditionally, treatment for eating disorders include cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and residential treatment services. TMS offers an alternative or complement to these other forms of therapy.
Learn more about DSM-5 Anorexia Diagnostic Criteria (download), and DSM-5 Bulimia Diagnostic Criteria (download).
How TMS for Eating Disorders Works
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorders have been shown to improve with high frequency stimulation. The protocol will vary based on the type of eating disorder being addressed.
For example, clinical studies have shown that after 20 sessions of TMS Therapy for binge eating disorder, around half of patients saw a 50% reduction in the behaviors of the disorder. One-third of the patients saw an 80% reduction in the behavior. In some cases, the eating disorder behavior disappeared entirely.